What is Functional Dry Needling?

Functional Dry Needling (FDN) therapy is a technique that uses a thin filament needle designed to be inserted into the skin and treat underlying neural, muscular and connective tissues for the management of neuromusculoskeletal pain and movement impairments.

FDN treatments target trigger points, which are typically taut bands in skeletal muscle, more commonly referred to as "knots" that cause pain. In treating the trigger points, we help restore the body structure and function leading to improved physical activity and participation.

 Frequently Asked Questions About Functional Dry Needling

What can be treated using FDN?

 A wide variety of musculoskeletal and neuromuscular issues can be treated with dry needle treatment, which includes but are not limited to:

•Shoulder, neck, hip, knee, ankle pain, plantar fasciitis

•Low back pain



•Muscle strains

•Groin strain

•Hamstring strain

•Carpal tunnel

•Osteoarthritis pain

•Fibromyalgia pain

•Overuse injuries/tendonitis/bursitis

•Lateral and medial epicondylitis (tennis elbow/golfers elbow)

•ITB syndrome

 Is FDN the same as acupuncture?

 No. Acupuncture is a treatment of Eastern Oriental medicine and seeks to alter the flow of energy ("Qi") along with traditional meridians for various diseases or conditions. Functional dry needling is an intervention based on treating pain and dysfunction in musculoskeletal and neuromuscular disorders to improve overall physical function.

Is functional dry needling painful?

 Most people do not feel the insertion of the dry needle into the skin, but once the needle penetrates the muscle, the patient will describe a "cramping" sensation or a "deep ache" within the muscle being treated. The goal of each dry needling treatment is to elicit a localized twitch response of the muscle.

 What can I expect after treatment?

 Symptoms may feel heightened for approximately 24-48 hours, including localized soreness, bruising, and muscle fatigue. It can be common to feel "loopy", tired or nauseous, but this is a normal response from dry needle therapy that resolves within a few hours.

 Is it safe?

 Yes. I go to great lengths to ensure safety. I have all passed their necessary board exams, and have an exhaustive understanding of anatomy. I apply OSHA standards, use personal protective equipment, use sterile needles, and proudly hold to the highest standards of safety. If you are pregnant, it is safe to have functional dry needling performed following your first trimester.

 What else should I know?

 If you're receiving dry needling treatment, here are a few more tips you should know:

•It is important to stay hydrated for the next 24-48 hours following treatment.

•Use ice or heat to help reduce the soreness.

•Continue with any light stretches your physical therapist has shown you.

•Massage the treated area to help reduce soreness.

If you have any further questions about Dry Needling treatment, please give the JCHC Rehabilitation Services Department a call at 641-469-4353.