When to Seek Care & Treatment Options for Headaches & Migraines


Seek immediate medical attention if: 

-You experience the "worst headache of your life" or a sudden, severe headache. 

-Your headache is accompanied by a high fever, stiff neck, mental confusion, seizures, numbness or weakness, difficulty speaking, or changes in vision. 

-You have a head injury or trauma that results in a headache. 

-Your headache follows a fall, especially if you are older or taking blood-thinning medication. 

Consult a healthcare professional if: 

-You experience frequent or recurrent headaches that significantly affect your daily activities and quality of life. 

-Your headaches are becoming progressively worse or are different from your usual pattern. 

-Your headaches are triggered by physical exertion, coughing, bending over, or sexual activity. 

-You have a history of migraines and want to explore preventive treatment options. 

-Over-the-counter pain medications or home remedies do not provide sufficient relief or are causing adverse effects. 


Treatment options for headaches and migraines may include: 

-Over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or aspirin, if appropriate and advised by a healthcare professional. 

-Prescription medications, including triptans (specifically for migraines), ergotamine derivatives, or other migraine-specific medications. 

-Preventive medications, which can help reduce the frequency and severity of migraines when taken regularly. 

-Lifestyle modifications, such as managing stress, getting enough sleep, regular exercise, and maintaining a balanced diet. 

-Alternative therapies, including acupuncture, biofeedback, relaxation techniques, and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). 

-If you have headaches or migraines, consult a qualified healthcare professional at JCHC for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan.  

JCHC Clinics 641-472-4156 




American Migraine Foundation. (n.d.). When to Seek Medical Care for a Headache. Retrieved from https://americanmigrainefoundation.org/resource-library/when-to-seek-medical-care-for-a-headache/ 

Mayo Clinic. (2021). Migraine. Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/migraine-headache/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20360207 

National Headache Foundation. (n.d.). Migraine Treatment Options. Retrieved from https://headaches.org/migraine-treatment-options/